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Parliament

The Parliament comprises two houses that are mandated by the nation. The 325 members of the House of Representatives are elected for a five-year term by direct universal suffrage.

The House of Counsellors members are elected for a six-year term by indirect universal suffrage, depending on an equitable distribution of the Article 63 of the new constitution: three fifths of the elected members represent the territorial collectivities while the remaining two fifths are elected in each region by electoral colleges composed of elected members of professional chambers and members elected at the national scale by an electoral college composed of wage -earners representatives.

The Parliament holds two sessions a year and the opening of the first session is presided over by the King. The constitution stipulates that an extraordinary session might be convened at the request of the absolute majority of one of the houses or at the request of the government.

Sessions are public and each house drafts its own statutes whose constitutionality is systematically controlled by the Constitutional Council.

The speaker and the House of Representatives’ bureau members, and also the presidents of the permanent commissions and their Bureau are elected at the legislature opening and in the April session and at the third year of the legislature. The speaker of the House of Counsellors and the members of the Bureau, and also the presidents of the permanent commissions and their Bureau are elected at the opening of October's session and at the renewal of the House.

 

List of Presidents of both Houses of Parliament

 

1956 - 1959 : Experience of the National Advisory Council

- Chairman : Mr. El Mehdi Ben Barka

Constitution of 1962

1963-1995 : first legislative mandate

- Speaker of the House of Representatives : Mr. Abdelkrim Al Khateb

- Speaker of the House of Councillors : Mr. Cherkaoui Mfadel

 Constitution of 1970

1970 - 1972 : second legislative mandate

- Speaker of the House of Representatives : Mr. Abdelhadi Boutaleb (1970 - 1971)

- Speaker of the House of Representatives : Mr. Mehdi Benbouchta (1971 - 1972)

 Constitution of 1972

1977 - 1983 : third legislative mandate

- Speaker of the House of Representatives : Mr. Ould Sidi Baba Edday

1984 - 1992 : fourth legislative term ( single chamber of the Parliament )

- Speaker of the House of Representatives : Mr. Ahmed Ossmane

 Constitution of 1992

1993 - 1996 : Fifth legislative mandate

- Speaker of the House of Representatives : Mr. Mohamed Jalal Essaid

 Constitution of 1996

1997 - 2002 : sixth legislative mandate

- Speaker of the House of Representatives : Mr. Radi

- Speaker of the House of Councillors : Mr. Mohamed Jalal Essaid (1997 - 2000)

- Speaker of the House of Councillors : Mr. Mustapha Oukacha ( Elected on 18/10/2000 )

2002 - 2007 : seventh legislative mandate

- Speaker of the House of Representatives : Mr. Radi

- Speaker of the House of Councillors : Mr. Mustapha Oukacha

2007 - 2011 : Eighth legislative mandate

- Speaker of the House of Representatives : Mr. Mustapha Mansouri (2007 - 2010)

- Speaker of the House of Representatives : Mr. Radi (2010 - 2011)

- Speaker of the House of Councillors : Mr. Mustapha Oukacha ( Died 11/11/2008 )

- Speaker of the House of Councillors : Mr. Maâti Benkaddour (From 13/01/2009 to 13/10/2009 )

 Constitution of 2011

2011 - 2016 : Ninth legislative mandate

- Speaker of the House of Representatives : Mr. Karim Ghellab (From 19/11/2014 to 04/11/2014 )

- Speaker of the House of Representatives : Mr. Rachid Talbi Alami ( From 04.11.2014 )

- Speaker of the House of Representatives : Mr. Rachid Talbi Alami (From11/04/2014 to 16/01/2017)

From 2017 : Tenth legislative mandate

- Speaker of the House of Representatives:  Mr. Habib El Malki (From 16/01/2017)

- Speaker of the House of Councillors :        Mr. Hakim Benchemas ( From 13/10/2015)

For more information visit:

House of Representatives

House of Councillors